What is colorectal cancer ? Symptoms and treatment

Colorectal cancer Red meat may increase the risk, include vegetables and fruits in the diet;

Black Panther actor Chadwick Boseman was battling cancer

Blood in stool, abdominal pain, weight loss without cause can be symptoms of colorectal cancer

Being overweight can also increase the risk of colon cancer, the risk of aging increases with age

A popular Hollywood actor has recently died of colon cancer.

Last Friday, Black Panther actor Chadwick Boseman had been battling colon cancer for four years.

Took a final breath in Los Angeles. Now the question is, what is colon cancer ?

and at what age do people fall victim to this deadly disease?

What is colorectal cancer?

The colon and rectum are part of the large intestine.

The colon is about 5 feet long and absorbs water from the stool.

When the last part of the rectum colon is 12 cm, where the body stores’ stool.

Such cancers begin with the development of preeclampsia polyps in the colon and rectum.

It is also called colon and rectum cancer. Depending on where the cancer started. Both types of cancer have a lot in common.

Which age group is most affected ?

According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,

this cancer affects both women and men.

The cancer is usually found in people 50 years of age or older.

According to the American Cancer Society, regular screening is the best way to prevent colorectal cancer.

Cancer information can be obtained even if people do not show symptoms under the screening procedure.

Screening usually identifies colorectal cancer early.

It takes 10 to 15 years for a polyp to become cancerous.

Through screening, the doctor can detect and remove polyps from the body before they turn into cancer and grow.

Are you also at risk for colorectal cancer?

  • Age: As you get older, your risk of this cancer increases. Younger people can also get colorectal cancer, but the risk of this cancer increases after the age of 50.
  • History of colorectal polyps or colorectal cancer: If your medical history mentions a specific type of polyp (adenometal polyps), the risk is higher. The greater the number and size of polyps, the greater the risk of cancer.
  • History of Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD): If you have previously suffered from ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease, your risk of colorectal cancer increases. So if you have IBD you should start screening.
  • If someone in the family has colorectal cancer: If someone close to the family has colorectal cancer, you may be at higher risk. The risk is higher if the relative has cancer before the age of 45.

In addition, some genetic syndromes that have been passed down through the generations may increase the risk of colon cancer.

These syndromes include pheochromocytoma adenomatous polyposis and hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer.

Risk factors that you can change
  • Obesity: If you are obese, your risk of colon cancer increases.
  • Smoking: If you are addicted to cigarettes for a long time, the chances of getting colon cancer increase. In addition, excessive alcohol consumption can increase the risk.
  • Type 2 Diabetes: If you have diabetes and are not taking insulin, you have an increased risk of developing colon cancer.
  • Not staying active: If you do not do physical activity, the chances of developing colon cancer in the body increase.
  • Diet: According to the American Cancer Society, more fruits, vegetables, and beans can reduce the risk. While red and processed meat can enhance it. However, that is not yet clear. According to many researches, red and processed meat increases the risk of colorectal cancer. Reducing red and processed meats and eating more fruits and vegetables in the diet can reduce the risk of cancer.
Symptoms ?

According to the CDC, symptoms of colorectal polyps and colorectal cancer do not always appear. Especially not for the first time. In such cases, regular screening is necessary. According to Cancer India, if you notice any of these problems, contact a doctor immediately.

  • Bowl habits change, including persistent constipation and diarrhea, indigestion or bowel movements.
  • Bleeding from the rectal area or blood clots in the stool or in the stool
  • If there is swelling or gas or pain in the abdomen
  • Fatigue, weakness, loss of appetite or weight loss without cause
  • Pain in the pelvic area. This pain occurs in the post-illness stage.

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